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Global Salmon LCA — Phase II: North-East Atlantic & Chile

In Phase I of the project, we successfully developed the methodological framework — determined the functional units of the analysis, drawn the systems boundaries, chosen the impact categories for reporting, conceptualized several ecological and biophysical expansions of the approach, identified a suite of socioeconomic indicators and impact categories for which comparable data exist in all three study regions and in all technologies, and built and calibrated the initial computer models. Preliminary results are proving very informative of differences between farming and capture systems, as well as between different farming processes, feed compositions and technologies.

We launched Phase II of the project in the fall of 2007, applying this framework to the salmon farming systems operating in the North-East Atlantic (Scotland and Norway) and in Chile. To this end, we are discussing the approach and emerging results from the North-East Pacific with research and industry partners in Europe and Chile. We will identify local data sources and needs, understand the local context and considerations, and develop the format for presenting results most useful for local policy interventions and consumer campaigns.

Research partners include the Escuela de Alimentos (School of Food Engineering) of the Pontificia Universidad Catolica Valparaiso (PUCV).

As part of our efforts to identify the information products most useful to policy makers, industry, and civil society organization, we convened a workshop at the 2008 Seafood Summit in Barcelona. The objective of this workshop was to solicit advice from the NGO, government and seafood business communities on how to best to translate the results from a multi-year, international research project on seafood production into actionable information.

Esmee Fairbairn foundation

Funding for this project has been generously provided by
the Esmée Fairbairn Foundation

Lighthouse Foundation

Funding for this project has been generously provided by
the Lighthouse Foundation

Oak Foundation

Funding for this project has been generously provided by
the Oak Foundation



Our Work

Ecotrust Knowledge Systems

Ecotrust Consulting Initiatives



Learn More

Global Salmon LCA Press Release, 11/23/09

With global food production, we’re swimming against the tide — Op-ed, 11/25/09

Global Salmon LCA Factsheets

Aquaculture Production | A4 size (352kb pdf)

A Life Cycle of Foods | A4 size (312kb pdf)

Closed Containment Aquaculture | A4 size (220kb pdf)



Phase I: NE Pacific

Phase II: NE Atlantic & Chile

Principals & Staff


Impact categories for life cycle assessment research of seafood production systems, Pelletier et al. (paper)

Life Cycle Considerations for Improving Sustainability Assessments in Seafood Awareness Campaigns, Pelletier and Tyedmers (paper)

Feeding farmed salmon: Is organic better?, Pelletier and Tyedmers (paper)

Assessing alternative aquaculture technologies, Ayer and Tyedmers (paper)

Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Salmon Fisheries and Aquaculture in the North-East Pacific (70kb pdf)

Life-Cycle Based Research in Food and Agriculture, Sonneson (356kb pdf)

Socioeconomic Indicators as a Complement to Life Cycle Assessment, Kruse (slideshare)


Kristen Sheeran
Acting Director,
Knowledge Systems
Economics for Equity and the Environment Network (E3)
tel: 503.467.0811
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The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology
Ulf Sonesson

SIK - The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology
PO Box 5401
S-402 29
Göteborg, Sweden
Tel: +46 (0)31-3355600

Dalhousise Univ
Peter Tyedmers

School for Resource and Environmental Studies
Dalhousie University
6100 University Ave.
Halifax, Nova Scotia
Canada B3H 1W7
Tel: 902.494.6517


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